A member of the order founded at Mount Carmel in Palestine in the early 13c and approved by the pope in 1226. A *mendicant order which was known as the White Friars; its first members, however, were mostly *her-mits. The first Carmelite house in England was founded at Aylesford, after 1240 and the failure of the *crusades. There was also an order of nuns modelled on the White Friars. Although only formally instituted in 1452, the sisters had first appeared in the 13c. In 1452, the Carmelite Second Order was organised and adopted the same rule as the Carmelite brothers.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • carmélite — [ karmelit ] n. f. • 1640; h. v. 1317; lat. ecclés. carmelita, de Carmel → carme ♦ Religieuse de l ordre du Mont Carmel. La règle des carmélites est sévère. « Dialogues des Carmélites », œuvre de Bernanos. ● carmélite nom féminin (de carmel)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Carmelite — Car mel*ite, Carmelin Car mel*in a. Of or pertaining to the order of Carmelites. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carmelite — Car mel*ite, n. 1. (Eccl. Hist.) A friar of a mendicant order (the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel) established on Mount Carmel, in Syria, in the twelfth century; a White Friar. [1913 Webster] 2. A nun of the Order of Our lady of Mount Carmel.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carmelite — c.1500, from L. Carmelites, member of an order of mendicant friars (White Friars) founded 12c. by Berthold of Calabria on Mount CARMEL (Cf. Carmel) in what is now northwest Israel …   Etymology dictionary

  • Carmelite — ► NOUN ▪ a friar or nun of an order founded at Mount Carmel in NW Israel during the Crusades (c.1154). ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the Carmelites …   English terms dictionary

  • Carmelite — [kär′mə līt΄] n. [Fr < ML Carmelita < LL(Ec) Carmelites, inhabitant of CARMEL Mount] 1. a mendicant friar of the order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, founded in Syria about 1160 2. a nun of this order adj. of this order …   English World dictionary

  • Carmelite — /kahr meuh luyt /, n. 1. a mendicant friar belonging to a religious order founded at Mt. Carmel, Palestine, in the 12th century; White Friar. 2. a nun belonging to this order. adj. 3. of or pertaining to Carmelites or their order. [1400 50; late… …   Universalium

  • Carmelite — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin carmelita, from Carmel Mount Carmel, Palestine Date: 15th century a member of the Roman Catholic mendicant Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel founded in the 12th century • Carmelite adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • carmélite — (kar mé li t ) s. f. Religieuse de l ordre des carmes déchaux. Les carmélites furent introduites en France en 1604. •   Vous aimeriez bien ma sobriété et l exercice que je fais, et sept heures au lit comme une carmélite ; cette vie dure me plaît …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Carmelite — adj. Carmelite is used with these nouns: ↑convent …   Collocations dictionary

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